Language and Truth. Philosophy and Religious Discourse PDF Stampa E-mail

Vol 37, No 1 (2017)

  • Bibliographical survey on religious language
    This paper is a bibliographical survey about the developing of religious language during the last decades. The major concepts and issues which characterize the twenty-first century debate have been articulated in seven key views: the emotive view; the logical view; the analogical view; the univocity view; the metaphorical view; the symbolic view and the performative view. The main aim is to draw a framework that may help for orientating in the updated debate regarding religious language. What is of interest in this survey is that the analysis of religious language sheds light not only on this branch of linguistic studies but also on language in general.<br /><br />
  • Ragione e fede nel dibattito dei pensatori musulmani
    How does the contemporary Islam deal with the relationship between reason and the credal issues? Rooted in the theological doctrines of Sunni Islam of the classical age, this article explores the challenge Islam is faced with nowadays, in particular on the issue of human rights.<br /><br />
  • The texture of religious language
    From time immemorial poetry and religion have been linked. Lucretius, Thomas of Celano, and St. John of the Cross provide iconic examples. Both involve non-literal discourse, as spelt out by Origen, Augustine, and Thomas Aquinas. We need to distinguish allegory, parable, metaphor, and analogy. In talking of God we use both bodily and mentalistic predicates: both can only be understood metaphorically. This is illustrated by an examination of “Our Father who art in Heaven”. Even for Aquinas the notion of fatherhood was metaphorical, and the biblical notion of heaven cannot survive in any literal sense in a world of Newtonian physics. The metaphorical nature of religious language does not rule out the possibility of prayer, as illustrated by A.H. Clough.<br /><br />
  • Prospettive storiografiche di teologia medievale cristiana e di teologia islamica (Kalām)
    Abstract Theology as a science arises in Medieval Christian thought chiefly as a result of the comparison with the Aristotelian criteria for demonstrative reasoning. Through an excursus on the historiography on Medieval theology, both Christian and Muslim, this article compares the development of theology in both areas, and suggests that direct acquaintance with the text of Aristotle's Posterior Analytics plays a role in the appraisal of the nature of the thological discourse.
  • La Legge e l’«ostinazione ebraica»: Franz Rosenzweig interprete di Paolo. Una prospettiva teologico-politica su Rm 9-11
    This paper aims to show the relations between Franz Rosenzweig and Paul of Tarsus concerning the notion of «Jewish obstinacy». According to Rosenzweig, the Jewish obstinacy is not simply an opposition to Christianity, but actually it is its firm and durable guarantee. It is enough to remember what Rosenzweig writes: «The pastor argued conclusively who, asked by Frederick the Great about the proof of Christianity, replied: “Majesty, the Jews”» (The Star of Redemption, tr. B. Galli, p. 438). The paper analyses this notion and its theologico-political implications in the chapter 11 of the Epistle to the Romans and in the Third part of The Star of Redemption.
  • Yigdal, qinah, she’elah - Inno, lamentazione, domanda. Tre discorsi ebraici nel pensare a Dio
    The contribution deals with the difference between philosophy and religion in thinking truth. It opposes the religious metaphorical speech and the philosophic conceptual speech. Hymn, lamentation, question are three forms of religious metaphorical speech in Jewish praying. The contribution offers examples of these three lyric forms and, taking inspiration from Hermann Cohen and Franz Rosenzweig, it shows how they represent human universal manners to address God although in a particular language.
  • Verità e linguaggio nella filosofia di Martin Heidegger: al di là del fondamento
    This article intends to point out that the questions about the language and the truth in Martin Heidegger’s Philosophy allow to reflect on the religious discourse. This link between philosophy and religion is made possible from the philosophy of the German thinker based on four premises: a) the philosophical concept for facilitating such reflexion is that of the onto-theology, b) this concept focus on the concept of ground, c) the structural nexus between ground and supreme being is the entry point for God into the philosophy, d) in this way the onto-theo-logy becomes the fundamental mode of the metaphysics, object of criticism by the philosopher of Messkirch.
  • Logos, parola, parabola: un’istanza metafisica per la teologia cristiana
    The essay tries to bring into study the “metaphysics of voice”, of which Corrado Bologna had spoken years ago in his Flatus vocis, whose speculative summit is reached and expressed in the pages entitled “The Voice of Love”. In order to become σὰρξ (Sarx) the λογος (Logos) must become and express himself as φωνή􀀀 (Voice), and as incarnated It represents the “absolute paradox”, i.e. the most radical confrontation against every gnostic temptation. That prologue, which is a “conclusion” of the Forth Gospel, reaches us in such a way to put out the question of the existence of God, in an ontotheological sense, on which Philosophy and the so-called “rational Theology” devoted much energy. What we urgently need instead is a “speculative theology”, capable of going beyond, by crossing them through, the intricacies of both Ontotheology and Philology. Too much time and resources have been wasted in attempts to prove the existence of God and in the exegesis of texts, depriving the existence of the listening to the “voice”, which precedes and inaugurates the word, allowing the embodiment of thought. This way, one can grasp, albeit broadly, the metaphysical valence of the Christological event, through a path that leads from the reflection on the metaphysics of voice to the sacramentality of the Word itself, assuming as conjunction the analogia Verbi (Analogy of the Word), disclosing through it both the cosmic-anthropological and the historical-eschatological dimensions of the Hebraic-Christian Revelation, whose fruitfulness for the philosophical thought requires to be inhabited and further articulated. <br /><br />
  • L’Aristotele di Vittorio Sainati e l’Aristotele dei contemporanei
    Vittorio Sainati wrote two books and several articles on Aristotle’s logical thought. In this paper I reconstruct Sainati’s intepretation of Aristotle’s logic. I show that Sainati anticipates some of the contributions by Michael Frede and Marko Malink. I focus on two aspects: 1) Sainati’s reconstruction of Aristotle’s doctrine of the categories and 2) Sainati’s claim that it is possible to make sense of Aristotle’s necessity syllogistic if we believe that the necessity operator is used to express the necessity of the per se predications. I show that Sainati’s idea that logical categories are nothing but predications has been further developed by M. Frede in a famous essay. Additionally, I show that Malink’s interpretation of modal syllogistic against the backdrop of Aristotle’s theory of predication echoes Sainati’s contributions. My paper aims at showing the depth of Sainati’s intepretation of Aristotle’s logic.<br /><br />
  • Dio non “esiste” ma “avviene”. Un punto d’incontro (medievale) fra filosofia analitica e teologia continentale
    This paper deals with the philosophical, theological and, more in general, religious issue of God as Being itself. First, I briefly explain the classical Thomistic doctrine of God as “Ipsum esse subsistens”. Then, I explain and analyse the reasons why both Heideggerian continental philosophy and Fregean analytic philosophy disagree with this classical doctrine. Finally, I put forward an alternative approach that allows us to take seriously both the Heideggerian and the Fregean philosophical traditions without dismissing, but rather by developing the Thomistic notion of existence as act of being.
  • Agostino e Plotino sulla materia dei corpi
    The paper has two main aims: first, to offer a general overview about Augustine’s concept of corporeal matter, based on a comprehensive examination of all the occurrences of the Latin lemmas materia and materies in his works; second, to discuss more in detail the vexed question of the Plotinian influence on Augustine’s conception of matter, in order to highlight that the major meeting points between Augustine and Plotinus rest on a purely literal level, and to rather point out the significant conceptual differences between these two thinkers.

 
Call for papers «Teoria» 2018 PDF Stampa E-mail
Scritto da Adriano Fabris   
Venerdì 14 Aprile 2017 10:09

– Call for papers –

«Teoria 2018»

Back to Ancient Questions?

Una riflessione critica sull’attualità della filosofia antica appare oggi un tema di primo piano nell’ambito della ricerca filosofica contemporanea.  Tornare dunque alle domande degli antichi? La domanda apre ad alcune considerazioni: se, e in quale misura, possa risultare significativo ripensare il passato a partire dal presente, ma anche, in quale misura il passato possa offrire validi modelli di comportamento della vita concreta attuale. Proprio tale approccio è alla base del presente fascicolo di «Teoria», raccogliendo contributi provenienti dai diversi ambiti delle discipline filosofiche. Il fascicolo ha lo scopo di far emergere una serie di spunti di riflessione e di fornire un quadro di insieme sul tema affrontato da molteplici prospettive.

Accanto ad alcuni contributi a invito, ne verranno inseriti altri liberamente sottoposti. Chi fosse interessato a sottoporre un contributo dovrà inviare, entro il 15 maggio 2017, un abstract di massimo 1000 parole, in lingua italiana e inglese, via mail, agli indirizzi: Questo indirizzo e-mail è protetto dallo spam bot. Abilita Javascript per vederlo. , Questo indirizzo e-mail è protetto dallo spam bot. Abilita Javascript per vederlo. (Prof. Adriano Fabris), con l’indicazione “Teoria 2018-Back to Ancient Questions?” nella riga dell’oggetto. Gli abstract saranno sottoposti a un processo di peer-review e la risposta relativa all’accettazione o meno della proposta verrà inviata entro il 15 giugno 2017. La redazione si riserva comunque la facoltà di non accettare i contributi definitivi che non corrispondessero agli abstract accettati, o che non superassero l’ulteriore procedura di selezione che verrà compiuta sui contributi definitivi. Si riserva inoltre di chiedere agli autori la revisione dei propri contributi per adeguarli alle valutazioni dei referee e/o agli standard editoriali.

Gli abstract e i contributi potranno essere sottoposti lingua italiana e in lingua inglese. La versione definitiva dovrà pervenire entro il 31/07/2017, per essere sottoposta all’ulteriore processo di revisione: la risposta definitiva sull’accettazione, e sulle eventuali modificazioni richieste, sarà fornita entro il 01/09/2017. I contributi accettati, eventualmente modificati, dovranno essere consegnati entro il 15/09/2017. I contributi dovranno seguire le norme editoriali previste da «Teoria» e reperibili sul suo sito (http://www.rivistateoria.eu) e avere una lunghezza compresa frale 7000 e le 8000 parole.

 


A critical reflection on ancient philosophy appears today a prominent theme in contemporary philosophical research. Back to the ancient questions? The application opens to some considerations: if and in which way, can be significant rethink the past from the present, but also, in which way the past can offer patterns of behavior of the current real life. This issue of «Teoria» aims to collect contributions from the different fields of philosophical disciplines and to provide a series of insights and an overall picture of the theme approached from multiple perspectives.

 

Alongside with a few invited ones, a number of contributions will be selected as a result of this call for papers. Prospective authors should send by May 15, 2017 an abstract in Italian and in English (max 1000 words), including the title of the paper, name, affiliation and e-mail address of the (corresponding) author to the following e-mail addresses: Questo indirizzo e-mail è protetto dallo spam bot. Abilita Javascript per vederlo. , Questo indirizzo e-mail è protetto dallo spam bot. Abilita Javascript per vederlo. (Prof. Adriano Fabris) with the indication “Teoria 2018-Back to Ancient Questions” in the subject heading.

Abstracts will be peer-reviewed and the notification of acceptance or refusal will be given by June 15, 2017.
The final draft can be written in Italian, English, French, German or Spanish. It should adopt a non-discriminatory language and must be submitted by July 31, 2017 to undergo the peer-review process. The Editorial board reserves the faculty not to accept the final drafts that do not correspond to submitted abstracts, or do not pass the further selection process to which final drafts will be submitted. Moreover, the Editorial board reserves the faculty to ask the Authors to revise their contributions to fit them to the referees’ evaluations and/or editorial standards. The final notification of acceptance or refusal, as well as of the eventual requests for minor or substantial revisions will be given by September 1, 2017.

The final revised draft, including an English abstract no longer than 150 words, must be submitted by September 15, 2017. Authors are requested to follow the style guidelines of «Teoria», which are available on its website (http://www.rivistateoria.eu). Contributions should not exceed 7500 words (including footnotes, reference list and abstract).

 
Etiche applicate PDF Stampa E-mail
Scritto da Adriano Fabris   
Martedì 06 Dicembre 2016 16:19

Copertina Etiche Applicate Teoria 2016 2Il presente fascicolo di «Teoria» trova origine nel Convegno “Le prassi della mente e del corpo. Voci dalle etiche applicate”, svoltosi presso l’Università di Torino il 4 e 5 giugno 2015 e promosso dal PRIN 2010-2011 su “La riflessione morale di fronte al mind/body problem. Problemi storici e prospettive teoriche”, progetto che ha visto come Coordinatore scientifico nazionale il prof. Franco Biasutti (Università di Padova) e come Responsabile scientifico dell’unità di ricerca torinese il prof. Andrea Poma. Il Convegno mirava al duplice obiettivo di promuovere una occasione di confronto e di dibattito su alcune applicazioni contemporanee dell’etica, offrendo in particolare a dottorande e a dottorandi una possibilità per arricchire il loro studio specialistico, e di diffondere i risultati di una variegata ricerca sulla filosofia morale che da tempo coinvolge, da prospettive teoriche e su ambiti specifici tra loro differenti, alcuni docenti dell’Ateneo torinese.
Agli atti del Convegno sono qui ora affiancati saggi che servono a rendere conto di declinazioni dell’etica che in quella occasione di lavoro filosofico condiviso erano state solo parzialmente toccate o non si era potuto prendere in esame. Ne risulta un numero monografico che, in linea con il progetto culturale della terza serie della Rivista, propone una idea di filosofia intesa quale approccio capace di confrontarsi con vari ambiti delle pratiche umane, sia perché aiuta a comprenderli, vale a dire a chiarirli, a definirli e a fondarli, sia perché è capace di problematizzarli, nel senso che è consapevole del fatto che la dimensione critica che caratterizza il metodo filosofico si traduce nella sua capacità di intendere i problemi come luoghi da abitare piuttosto che come ostacoli da rimuovere, data la fecondità di cui sono portatori, e di vedere di conseguenza nelle soluzioni a essi un momento di passaggio verso nuovi modi di porre il problema stesso.

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New Perspectives on Dialogue PDF Stampa E-mail
Scritto da Adriano Fabris   
Mercoledì 08 Giugno 2016 08:48

Copertina di Relazione e intersoggettività – Teoria 2015 issue 2

“Dialogue” has become one of the core notions to address fundamental issues of present time, such as cultural and religious plurality, and more generally to come to understand as well as to practically deal with diversity and differences. This issue of Teoria collects contributions, both invited and selected by means of an international Call for Papers, addressing dialogue from different perspectives and disciplines. The aim of the issue is to provide the reader with a selection of current theoretical and practical perspectives on dialogue, and to offer a broad picture of the complex range of definitions, meanings and practices connected to it, also giving voice to critical and intersectional positions.
After a reinterpretation of dialogue in classical Greece (Serra), some contemporary perspectives are offered to connect the reflection on authors with that on general topics, such as the fundamental notion of subject (Falzon), the relationship between dialogue and power (Monceri) and the dialogic encounter with the beyond-human world (Keating). The subsequent articles are devoted to some dialogue theories as elaborated by important authors, highlighting both their epistemological foundations (Biondi, Lillebø) and their implications for relevant fields to which dialogue is currently applied, such as interreligious dialogue (Vendra, Tumminelli). The last two articles address some relevant aspects of the dialogical practice (Brivio and Bertolino, Plass).

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Relazione e intersoggettività: prospettive filosofiche / Relación y intersubjectividad: perspectivas filosóficas / Relation and Intersubjectivity: Philosophical Perspectives PDF Stampa E-mail
Scritto da Adriano Fabris   
Martedì 22 Dicembre 2015 00:00

Copertina di Relazione e intersoggettività – Teoria 2015 issue 2

Questo fascicolo pubblica i risultati di un progetto di ricerca internazionale, che coinvolge otto studiosi latinoamericani e sette studiosi europei, sul tema della relazione. Nel pensiero filosofico moderno, il più delle volte, la relazione con altro è stata fondata sulla relazione con sé. Ciò ha comportato esiti problematici anche su di un piano pratico, specialmente in Europa. Il confronto fra filosofi europei e latinoamericani che viene qui proposto vuole individuare nuovi modi di pensare e vivere la prospettiva della relazione, anche nell’epoca delle nuove tecnologie.

In this issue of Teoria we publish the outcomes of an international research project on relationship that has involved eight scholars from Latin America and seven scholars from Europe. In contemporary philosophical debate, relationship with the other is mostly founded on relationship with oneelf. This has led to difficult outcomes in the practical field, especially in Europe. The exchange between European and Latin-American philosophers in this issue aims at proposing new ways of thinking of and living relationship, also with regard to modern technologies.

Acquista il fascicolo cartaceo / Buy this issue (print version)

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Soggettività e assoluto PDF Stampa E-mail
Scritto da Adriano Fabris   
Mercoledì 27 Maggio 2015 14:41

Copertina di Soggettività e assoluto – Teoria 2015 issue 1Questo volume è dedicato al tema «Soggettività e assoluto». Si parte dalla constatazione che la crisi che nel Novecento ha caratterizzato il rapporto tra il soggetto e ciò che viene chiamato “assoluto” (Dio, ad esempio, o un qualche principio incondizionato) non ha affatto eliminato la necessità d’interrogarsi ancora su questi fenomeni. Il volume affronta la questione tematizzando il rapporto dinamico tra particolare e universale.

The topic of the current issue of «Teoria» is «Subjectivity and the absolute». A research on the relationship between the subject and the absolute paves the way for a philosophy which devotes its attention to particular and concrete phenomena and at the same time is able to examine the particular in its dynamic relationship with the universal.

Scritti di / writings by: Salvatore Natoli, Ugo Perone, Claudio Ciancio, Adriano Fabris, Iolanda Poma, Maurizio Pagano, Mario Farina, Alessandra Cislaghi, Daria Dibitonto, Francesco Paolo Ciglia, Ezio Gamba, Marco Saveriano, Emanuela Magno, Marcello Ghilardi

Acquista il fascicolo cartaceo / Buy this issue (print version)

 

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Rethinking 'Nature' / Ripensare la 'natura' – 2. Authors and problems/Figure e problemi PDF Stampa E-mail
Scritto da Administrator   
Martedì 13 Gennaio 2015 18:02

Copertina_Teoria_2014-1The notion of nature is one of the most recurring and questioned notions in Western thinking. Although its definition was never obvious, nature currently seems in need of a more radical rethinking, also due to the increasing relevance of research fields that compel to its revision. The present issue of «Teoria» aims to let a number of hints emerge for a critical discussion of current definitions and understandings of nature. This second number follows the first one on «Burning Issues».

 

Il concetto di natura è uno dei più ricorrenti e dibattuti del pensiero occidentale. Sebbene la sua definizione non sia stata mai pacifica, attualmente esso sembra aver bisogno di un ripensamento più radicale, dovuto anche alla sempre maggiore rilevanza di ambiti di ricerca che ne impongono una revisione. Il presente fascicolo di «Teoria» si prefigge lo scopo di far emergere una serie di spunti di riflessione per una discussione critica delle definizioni e delle concezioni correnti di natura. Questo secondo numero segue il primo sulle «Questioni aperte».

Flavia Monceri

 

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