Premise. New Challenges in Decision-Making Processes: Bioethics, Neuroethics, Ethics of AI
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The issue focuses on the new challenges in decision-making processes presented by the increasingly massive use of technologies in the network society. In particular, some aspects of bioethics, neuroethics and the ethics of artificial intelligence are investigated. The problem of “decision” has always characterized the ethical-philosophical debate, requiring the examination of some key concepts of moral philosophy such as responsibility in its various declinations, autonomy and free will. In addition to these fundamental issues, new challenges emerge today, related to contemporary developments in science and technology. This issue of «Teoria» reflect on the impact of these developments in decision-making processes, focusing mainly on the following aspects: new forms of vulnerability resulting from the use of technologies in care practices, the responsibility of the physician and the formulation of clinical judgment in the age of artificial intelligence, the redefinition of decision-making processes, in particular of moral agency, human freedom, and autonomy, in light of the latest neuroscientific developments, the effects of artificial intelligence, algorithms, statistical-predictive models, and, finally, technologies as «moral artificial agents» involved in decision making.